Truth and Reconciliation in Hockey Resources
The Peterborough Petes understand that sport can be a vehicle for change, and know that hockey, much like Canada, needs to take action in reconciling the colonial violence it has perpetuated. Below are a list of educational resources our organization is leaning on, in the actions steps toward Truth and Reconciliation. We encourage Petes fans to join us in this important work.
Whether during National Indigenous History Month in June (and National Indgenous Peoples Day on June 21), or National Day for Truth and Reconciliation (e.g. Orange Shirt Day, September 31), or at any other time, we encourage our fans to check out the links below – simply click on the name of the resource to access it.
Warning: The content below contains details of residential schools that may be upsetting. Canada’s Indian Residential School Survivors and Family Crisis Line is available 24 hours a day at 1-866-925-4419.
- Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future: Summary of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada– In March 2015, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada completed its six-year investigation into the experiences of Indian residential school students who had survived years of neglect, abuse, and trauma at these institutions.
- Calls to Action– In order to redress the legacy of residential schools and advance the process of Canadian reconciliation, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission called for the following action steps.
What we are reading…
- National Indigenous History Month Resources– See a list of important, inspiring, and educational resources for the month of June and beyond.
- Indigenous Trailblazers– From athletes to activists, learn about inspiring Indigenous peoples who have helped shape Canadian history.
- Home game: Rethinking Canada through Indigenous hockey– Sam McKegney, Associate Professor of English Language and Literature, Queen’s University, and Michael Auksi, Indigenous Research Officer, University of Toronto discuss Cree hockey player Eugene Arcand’s experience participating in hockey as a residential school survivor, and hockey culture’s inability to make hockey a safe space for Indigenous peoples. Both McKeney and Auski are researchers with the Indigenous Hockey Research Network (IHRN).
- Policy Paper for Anti-Racism in Canadian Hockey– Prepared by Courtney Szto, PhD., Sam McKegney PhD., Mike Auksi, and Bob Dawson, this document includes 10 calls to action specifically for individuals, leagues, organizations, and media who wish to contribute to a more equitable and inclusive future for the game. This document was published following a Roundtable on Racism in Hockey was held at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada on March 30th, 2019.
- Indian Horse– Written by Ojibwe author, Richard Wagamesauthor the story takes place in late 1950s Ontario, where eight-year-old Saul Indian Horse is torn from his Ojibway family and committed to one of Canada’s notorious Catholic Residential Schools. Saul is denied the freedom to speak his language or embrace his Indigenous culture and he witnesses and experiences all kinds of abuse at the hands of the very people who were entrusted with his care. Despite this, Saul finds salvation in the unlikeliest of places and the most favourite of Canadian pastimes — hockey.
What we are listening to…
- On the Fly podcast: Decolonization, Reconciliation & Hockey with Chief Wilton Littlechild – Wilton Littlechild is a Cree chief from Maskwacis, Alberta. He is a lawyer, a former hockey player, a residential school survivor, and more recently he was one of the comissioners of Canada’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission. On this episode of On the Fly host Aaron Lakoff chats with Littlechild about his journey, and how we can decolonize hockey, and leverage the sport to promote understanding.
- NPR’s Only a Game: Fred Saskamoose- An Indigenous Trailblazer – Fred Saskamoose was one of the first Canadian Indigenous players in the National Hockey League, playing with Chicago during their 1953-54 season. On this episode of Only a Game, discusses the atrocities he and his brother faced at residential school and relationship with hockey.
What we are watching…
- In Conversation with Ron Maclean, Dr. Szto, and Donovan Bailey – On this episode of “In Conversation with Ron Maclean,” Dr. Szto discusses her research on racism in hockey and the programming needed to combat it, while Bailey discusses his past experience with racism and how we move forward.
- Ted Nolan and what Indigenous Peoples Day means to him– Former NHL head coach Ted Nolan chats with Jesse Fuchs about what National Indigenous Peoples Day means to him, the recent racist abuse directed at Ethan Bear and the 3 Nolans program that he runs with his sons.
Who we are learning from..
- Eugene Arcand – Eugene Arcand is Cree from the Muskeg Lake First Nation in Saskatchewan. He spent nine years at the St. Michael’s Indian Residential School in Duck Lake and two years at the St. Paul’s Lebret Students Residence, which has informed his work for the Indian Residential Schools Survivor Committee of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission as well as the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation Governing Circle. He is a First Nation Sports Hall of Fame inductee.
- Janice Forsyth- Janice Forsyth is an Associate Professor in Sociology and Director of First Nations Studies at Western University. Her research, which focuses on Indigenous sport and culture, has helped to inform policy and program development in Canada. She is President of the Aboriginal Sport Circle and a member of the Fisher River Cree First Nation. She is a research lead with the IHRN.
- Indigenous Hockey Research Network– The Indigenous Hockey Research Network is a collective of researchers dedicated to uncovering and engaging with hockey’s Indigenous past, present, and future. We aim to cultivate critical understandings of hockey’s role in relations between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Peoples in Canada over time.